• Benadette Wambui

Common Application of Solar Energy

Updated: Jan 26

Africa is often considered and referred to as the "Sun continent" or the continent where the Sun's influence is the greatest. According to the "World Sunshine Map", Africa receives many more hours of bright sunshine during the course of the year than any other continent of the Earth; many of the sunniest places on the planet lie there.

Despite the large solar potential, penetration of solar power in Africa's energy sector is still very low. However, solar energy education in Africa is growing hence more people are considering solar energy especially after comparing it to other sources of energy.

Below are the different ways in which solar energy is used in various African countries.

Solar Electricity

Solar electricity is becoming increasingly accessible. While still a very small percentage of the electricity generated in Africa, solar electricity is growing rapidly. A distributed solar PV system is typically installed on the rooftops of homes or businesses. These solar power systems generate electricity to offset the property owner’s usage and send any excess production to the electric grid. A solar battery can connect to your solar power system to enable you to use solar after the sun goes down, power an EV overnight, or provide backup power during emergencies. Some homeowners may choose to go completely off the grid with a solar power and battery system or a solar power and generator system.

Solar Water Heaters

Various types of solar water heaters are available. A good example is a thermosyphon solar water heater that was developed at the national centre for energy research and development in Nigeria (NCERD), University of Nigeri