• Benadette Wambui

Challenges of Online Education in Africa

Online education has become pretty common and very necessary especially after the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. It has forced so many schools and learning institutions to upgrade but it has had its own challenges.


Both teachers and students face different challenges. The teachers are supposed to move their classes online right away having no additional training and extra budget. As the comprehensive learning management systems usually cost an arm and a leg, teachers have to use numerous digital tools to deliver online education.


They start their day by opening multiple tabs for multiple purposes, switching between them.They attend virtual school, parents, and student meetings, trying to handle the amount of information we’re facing right now and decide on the teaching strategy.

They should grade the assignments coming from different places. They stay online 10 hours per day to clean up this mess, set up, streamline the processes making online learning more efficient. And this isn’t the full list of challenges in online teaching. The students have their own challenges as well. Let’s take a look at some of those challenges.

  1. Shortage or lack of gadgets

Some schools in Africa had already introduced online learning even before the pandemic hence most students if not all in those schools had the gadgets needed for online learning. However, schools in rural areas especially small schools didn’t have any online learning before and even during the pandemic because no student or even teacher had the necessary gadgets for the online learning.


  1. Computer literacy

Most teachers went to normal colleges and universities that taught them very little or nothing about online education. Most students in Africa go through an education system that teaches very little and some nothing about computers. Some of the teachers and so many students are not computer literate which is a big challenge for online education.